Whilst the challenges of managing a new baby is likely to bring some level of stress and anxiety from time to time, generally this will be transient and feelings will pass on their own with time. If however you have ongoing disturbing thoughts and/or feelings of worry and tension that are hard to live with and/or affect your ability to manage from day to day, then you may be experiencing postnatal anxiety.
What is anxiety?
Anxiety is the broad term used to refer to a range of conditions that have a number of common symptoms including:
- Feelings of fear and worry which begin to ‘take over’ your thinking
- Feeling irritable, restless, tense or constantly ‘on edge’
- Racing heart/strong palpitations – sometimes panic attacks
- Reoccurring worrying thoughts such as that you are not doing things right and/or that something terrible will happen
- Unable to sleep – even when you have the opportunity
- Avoiding situations for fear something bad will happen.
What anxiety can feel like
Many people with postnatal anxiety disorders often describe feeling like they are ‘going crazy’ or ‘losing their mind’ as racing thoughts keep coming back and causing them to feel the range of physical and emotional symptoms. This can be also exacerbated by a lack of sleep that can come not only with anxiety but also with a new baby.
In response to the feeling of losing control, you may find yourself wanting to make sure that everything is perfectly in order and under control for fear that you are not doing things ‘the right way’ or that ‘something bad’ will happen. For example, women experiencing postnatal anxiety may find themselves checking on the baby continually (even when asleep) for fear that they will stop breathing, or have visions of something terrible happening to the baby that would harm them.
My symptoms were so different to what I knew was normal. For one – I never felt like killing my baby – but I was constantly having visions of accidentally harming him – they filled my mind. I thought I was just being an over anxious mother and I never mentioned it to anyone. Also, my lack of connection with him was difficult to put into words for ages because I didn’t really know what it should feel like.
Anxiety is common
If you are experiencing a number of these symptoms then you are not alone. Anxiety is the most common type of mental health problem affecting one in four people in their lifetime – and even more likely to occur amongst women in the year following the birth of a baby. This is particularly the case if you have experienced anxiety in the past, although for some this may be the first time that you have experienced anxiety.
I struggled to get out of the house for fear someone would take my baby. Ridiculous to a normal person but in the state I was in I couldn’t tell anyone for fear they would think I was crazy! I think depression is talked a lot about but anxiety is just as bad.
Types of anxiety conditions
There are a number of different types of anxiety conditions, each of which has a different set or cluster of symptoms:
|Type of anxiety disorder||Description|
|Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD)||Feeling worried about perinatal issues on most days over a long period of time (e.g., six. months). Some common topics of worrying include:
- The infant’s wellbeing, safety and possible threats (e.g., SIDS)
- Getting one’s life in order, having everything planned and sorted
- Constant worry about how they will cope
- Breastfeeding worries (e.g., had the baby had enough milk, will their milk supply run out)
- Keeping the household chores attended to
- How they will manage work and parenthood
- How to give their other children enough attention while meeting the needs of the new infant
|Panic Disorder||Frequent attacks of intense feelings of anxiety that seem like they cannot be brought under control. These attacks
can occur when:
- Thinking about leaving the house with their new baby
- Attending mother's groups
- Worrying about sleep and settling issues
- When transitioning their infant to solid food (fear of choking)
|Social phobia||Involves an intense fear of criticism, being embarrassed or humiliated, even in everyday situations. Some common examples in the perinatal context include:
- Invasion of their personal space
- People touching their baby
- Worries about involvement of friends and family and different opinions on baby’s needs
- Infant drawing attention to them publicly
- Worries about mother’s groups
- Worries about people judging their parenting (e.g., crying baby in supermarket)
|Specific phobia||Fearful feelings about a particular object or situation. This can commonly include vomiting (babies often vomit), body changes (eating disorder traits/anxiety), death of a loved one, coprophobia
Sometimes these symptoms can develop gradually over time or they may come on suddenly and intensely. As time goes on, if these symptoms are not identified or treated, they can get worse, even to the point that you cannot function, as the anxiety has in effect ‘taken over’. This can make life difficult to manage, especially with the demands of a new baby
People who have experienced anxiety in the past may find that their symptoms return or get worse during pregnancy or after having a baby.
Postnatal anxiety and depression often co-occur
It is also very common to experience postnatal anxiety and postnatal depression at the same time. In fact, in up to 50% of cases these two conditions co-occur.
I never got to the point of not being able to get out of bed. I remember times of sort of sitting on the couch watching TV and just feeling overwhelmed with grief. I just felt so sad and anxious about everything… I’d lie awake at night waiting for her to cry… the sleeplessness, the anxiety, not being able to watch the news because everything made me so sad.
Thankfully the treatments for both postnatal anxiety and depression are similar and can treat both conditions at the same time.
Living with postnatal depression and anxiety
In this episode of our YouTube and podcast series, The Mum Drum, we speak with Renee and Stevie about the range of emotional challenges that they both experienced on their journey to motherhood, and how their friendship helped them through.
Getting anxiety under control can improve your quality of life and overall experience of parenthood with your new baby.